Tomhet

Iran's blogfather: Facebook, Instagram and Twitter are killing the web

Publicerat: 2016-01-01. Taggat:

Gradvisa förändringar kan vara svåra att se. Hossein Derakhshan fängslades i sex år för sitt regimkritiska bloggande. I somras skrev han en längre artikel om det förändrade webblandskap som mötte honom när han kom ut i friheten. Från ett nät i ordets rätta bemärkelse – ett ickelinjärt nät bestående av noder, som genom hyperlänkar skänker liv åt andra noder – till ett linjärt och konsumtionsinriktat nät där varje nod dör i utkanterna av sitt eget domännamn.

[…] hyperlinks aren’t just the skeleton of the web: they are its eyes, a path to its soul. And a blind webpage, one without hyperlinks, can’t look or gaze at another webpage – and this has serious consequences for the dynamics of power on the web.

More or less all theorists have thought of gaze in relation to power, and mostly in a negative sense: the gazer strips the gazed and turns her into a powerless object, devoid of intelligence or agency. But in the world of webpages, gaze functions differently: it is more empowering. When a powerful website – say Google or Facebook – gazes at, or links to, another webpage, it doesn’t just connect it , it brings it into existence; gives it life. Without this empowering gaze, your web page doesn’t breathe. No matter how many links you have placed in a webpage, unless somebody is looking at it, it is actually both dead and blind, and therefore incapable of transferring power to any outside web page.

Apps like Instagram are blind, or almost blind. Their gaze goes inwards, reluctant to transfer any of their vast powers to others, leading them into quiet deaths. The consequence is that web pages outside social media are dying.